Date: Wednesday 27th October 2021

IBB: Celebrating a Military President @80

IBB: Celebrating a Military President @80


Nourah Bamalli


As we celebrate the 80th birthday of General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida, we also appreciate him as symbolic of wisdom, experience and knowledge, which together came to him with ageactive participation and commitment to national unity and developmentThe gift of life is an exclusive privilege from God Almighty, which no one can put a price tag, but a lifetime that is full of happy memories,beautiful moments, commitment to national service and selfless sacrifices, like IBB’s, are combination of Divine Blessings and conscious personal obligation to hard work. IBB possesses the qualities required to celebrate in the life of a great man on the occasion of his historic 80th birthday.In a span of 10 years, IBB has today transformed from a septuagenarian to a splendid octogenarian, and, till date, has remained an inspiration, treasure of experiences and a living example of perseverance to the younger generations

Some 45 years ago in 1976, at a tender age of 35 years, then Colonel Ibrahim Babangida came to limelight in the political scenario of Nigeria, when he single-handedly confronted Lt. Col Bukar S. Dimka at the Federal Radio Nigeria, Ikoyi, Lagos - the leader of the coup of February 13, 1976, that ended the lives of General Murtala Ramat Mohammed, the siting Head of State, along with his ADC, Orderly and Driver respectivelywho were all assassinated on their way to office at Dodan Barracks, then the seat of the Federal Government.

Already a well-trained and strategic military Officer, IBB was specially selected and mandated to foil the coup and restore normalcy and peace during the turbulent time in the history of our country. To actualize his mandate, Babangida, in his strategic approach, decided to take “Okada” from Bonny Camp to get to Ikeja Cantonment, where he assembled armoured vehicles and advanced to Radio Nigeria, where he disarmed the coup arrow-headand also ended further coup broadcasts by the rebels. Col. Dimkamanaged to escape, but was to be arrested eventually in Abakaliki. Since this incident, Col. Babangida remained in the limelight and continued to feature in national activities. Mananalysts who write on him, have argued that IBB’s direct participation at the center of Nigeria’s politics at tender age provided him with the training, experience, confidence and courage he needed to be involved in all the subsequent military coups, until he shot himself to power in 1985, as the only Nigeria’s Military President the country ever hadand he led and handled national affairs in his historic “maradonic” style

During his 8-year rule, like all military governments, IBB faced fierce challenges of attempted coup plots, aimed at upstaging his government. Amongst the 2 officially announced coup attempts, the deadliest occurred on April 22, 1990, when a group of young Officers, led by Major Gideon Orkar nearly toppled the IBB regime, having succeeded in attacking and inflicting extensive damages at the Presidential Villa in Dodan Barracks, LagosThe rebellious soldiers killed the ADC to the President, Col. UK Bello, but in a rather mysterious circumstance, the President and his family escaped unscathed. The survival of IBB and senior members of his regime enabled the government to quash the rebellion and accordingly meted the supreme price to the plotters as defined in the military laws. IBB continuedwith his policies aimed at transition to civil rule, and on August 27, 1993 he “stepped aside” and handed power to an Interim National Government.

Local and international writers have rated IBB as the most powerful leader in the history of Nigeriahe was methodical ruler who was skilful and tactical in approach, but also unpredictable when his options collided with national interest, which earned him the nickname of Maradona. In the early days of his government, IBB was rated high on human rights, but when national interests were impinged, the General resorted to his unpredictable toga, and deployed the ill-famed Decree Number 2, to enshrine country-wide safety and peaceful co-existence. 

IBB has always been a believer that timely decisions shape an upright leadership, and he would therefore not sit on the fence and allow any situation to deteriorate without taking appropriate action. Throughout his rule, he never relented in taking a decision when the situation demanded so. For him, iwaalways better to take timely decision, and realize it was wrong, than to avoid taking any decision at all, and be at a standstillto pave ways for uncertainties and insecurity to worsen. His regime faced several difficult times that needed urgent and tough decisions, which IBB courageously and decisively took the initiative and the lead; such asdeclaring a National Economic Emergency, which brought about austere economic measures that required great sacrificesimplementing important changes in the basic structures of military federalism, where for the first time in Nigeria, a military leader was officially named and addressed as Presidentaimed to emphasize the executive powers he wielded. IBB also renamed the supreme lawmaking body, from Supreme Military Council (SMC) to the Armed Forces Ruling Council (AFRC), and later in hisregime he again created a new Armed Forces Consultative Assembly (AFCA) in 1989, to function as an intermediate legislative chamber between the AFRC and the rest of the military. IBB was known for regularly changing his ministersstate governors and other top functionaries, including the so-called powerful and “kitchen cabinet” members of his government regardlesswith the sole aim of moving the nation forward; although critics speculated thatIBB was only consolidating his power from the exercises.Other reforms the Babangida-government introduced, included far-reaching changes in the civil service, the police, the armed forcessecurity agencies and the entire political system. The most controversial action IBB took was in1986, when Nigeria became a full member of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), an international association of Islamic states, in which Nigeria had held only observer status. This action of IBB became so controversial, until Nigerians realized OIC actually provides economic and political opportunities for all member nationsirrespective of religious affiliationdespite being an organization that emerged from Muslim solidaritywhich Nigeria continues to enjoy till dateThe country remainbeneficiary from the action of IBB!

In running his government, IBB implemented an open-door policy approach, which provided him the opportunity to get closer to the people, to understand their problems and needs, it also provided him with the chance to identify grass root local representatives in the states and local government councils for appropriate meritorious appointments to those who would analyze the basic problems of their people and also provide lasting solutions. The government of IBB carried out deep analysis of all sectors of Nigeria’s political, social, economical and developmental needs, and took futuristic actions as well, to forestall any imbalance in the country and ensure security and safety for all. Between 1989 and 1991, IBB created a total of 282 Local Government Council Areas, in addition to the existing 301, as well as creating 11 new states, to accommodate demands from all regions of the country, which he aimed at bringinggovernment closer to the populace and provide the required national development. 

Very early in his regime, IBB realized the nomadic populacein the country were marginalised educationally, based on their itinerant lifestyle and the irrelevant curriculum to suit their nomadic lifestyle. His government, having realized the risk of denying education to the nomads and the consequences therefrom, IBB, in accordance with the provisions of the 1979 constitution, which stipulated that the government shall direct its policy towards ensuring that there are equal and adequate educational opportunities at all levels and that government shall strive to eradicate illiteracy among Nigerianshe introduced the nomadic education program in 1986. The wisdom behind IBB’s action 35 years ago, was to forestall the current security challenge in the country. 

In addition to physical developments, IBB also created over 55 different programs and agencies across the countryto aid and support economic activities for nation building, with the sole aim of achieving unitypeace and progress. These agencies, including NDLEA, NDE, NDIC, NEXIM, FEPA, NDSC etc.are still making great inroads in nation building.

Nigeria’s history will continue to celebrate, remember and recognize the services, sacrifices and contributions of General Babangida towards nation building, unity and growthwhich hstill renders even ihis retirement. IBB has continued to offer greater services to Nigeria and Nigerians across the entire nation, giving every Nigerian the opportunity to benefit from his wealth of experiences

The reality is that not everyone who turns 80 years is a superstar or quintessential personalitybut only very few who attend octogenarian status come with grace, respect, relevance and esteem like our celebrant. As he adds the second 40 years to the first 40 years, we wish General Ibrahim Badamasi BabangidaNigeria’s only Military President, an absolutely amazing, astounding and remarkable 80th birthday, with long life and prosperity, and seeking God’s blessings on him, his family and country at large, as he continues in the services of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, amin. 

Happy Birthday Oga!!!

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